FOR SALE: GIACOMO DEPOSIT (Silica-Titanium) -Three Mining Concessions are in Giacomo Deposit Project with 1900 hectares

 

Carlos Jose Paulo Casaretto Forni<cjcasaretto@yahoo.com> Прикачен файл24 октомври 2015 г., 17:20

До: Dimitrinka Staikova <dimitrinka.staikova@gmail.com>

 

FOR SALE:

  GIACOMO DEPOSIT (Silica-Titanium)

Contact the owner:

Carlos Casaretto Forni

Email: cjcasaretto@yahoo.com

 Tel: 54 – 261 – 425 2699

 

In the Southern Peruvian Andes, a unique mineral occurrence of Silicon Dioxide (SiO2) and Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) exists near the city of Tacna. This occurrence is known as the Giacomo Project.Giacomo is currently estimated to contain a resource of at least 300 million metric tonnes of high-grade SiO2 and TiO2 mineralization of extremely small particle size.

Giacomo is really more aptly described as an “Occurrence” rather than a Deposit. The white outcroppings seen below are actually the minerals of interest. The following pictures reveal the purity of the underlying material.

Three Mining Concessions are in Giacomo Deposit Project with 1900 hectares

The deposit has never been exploited and has been preserved in the state originally found, .except for analysis-oriented excavations.

However, due to the deposit’s characteristics as well as made investments; it is currently ready to generate cash flow.Deposit (4)

Giacomo contains an utterly unique material.

Scientists say, “Never before seen…” “…quite possibly, the purest find ever”.Giacomo is a virgin site, sui generis in the mining world due to 4 unusual features that help reduce the costs of extraction and consequently the amount of investment to start up in a significant way:1. The minerals, in their natural state, are found on the surface; thus reducing extraction cost as the collection from the soil does not require excavations or complex tunnels. 2. The concentration of useful mineral is on average of 95%, which translates into lower costs for primary purification.3. The SiO2 and TiO2 are found as fine particles (powder instead of quartz), making micronization and milling processes, which are particularly costly, unnecessary.4. The SiO2 and TiO2 are held together only by cohesion (mixed but not fused, each particle is independent), allowing to avoid refining costs.The larger crystals are all TiO2, and the fine material around the crystal is mostly SiO2. The TiO2 crystals are up to 10 micrometres in size, but the SiO2 is a very fine powder.Foto del  Túnel

Giacomo
Deposit
 
 
 
 
 
 








 
 



Outcroppings
details
taken
from
different
parts
of
Giacomo
 
10‐metre
long
tunnel
 
 
 1.1 History 
 The
mine
was
discovered
10
years
ago
and
is
owned
by
a
single
individual.
The
project
started
at
the
time
of
its
discovery,
however
because
of
the
owner’s
ill
health
it
was
paused
until
now.
The
project
is
looking
for
commercial
development
agreements,
to
assign
the
rights
for
the
exploitation,
commercialization
and
direction
of
the
project.
Currently
there
is
no
agreement
with
any
utility
 company
or
a
specific
customer.
 The
deposit
has
never
been
exploited
and
has
been
preserved
in
the
state
originally
found,
except
for
analysis‐oriented
excavations.
However,
due
to
the
deposit’s
characteristics
as
well
as
made
 investments;
it
is
currently
ready
to
generate
cash
flow.

4. 
 4
 1.2 The Concession 
 Giacomo
and
Giacomo
Abuelo
mining
concessions
are
both
part
of
the
Giacomo
Project
and
have
a
total
area
of
900
hectares
(2,223
acres).
The
map
below
shows
how
the
deposit
laid
out.
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 Corazón

Giacomo
Concession
 
 
 1.3 Location 
 The
Giacomo
Deposit
is
located
in
the
South
of
Peru,
in
the
district
of
Estique
in
the
province
of
Tarata,
in
the
Tacna
region.
Estique
is
approximately
60
kilometres
northeast
of
the
City
of
Tacna.
The
concession
is
on
the
western
foothills
of
the
Barroso’s
Mountain
Chain
at
an
average
altitude
of
4,500
 MASL.

1.4 Accessibility 
 An
improved
asphalt
highway
spans
about
70%
of
the
distance
from
the
City
of
Tacna
to
Giacomo,
 while
an
unpaved
road
covers
the
remaining
30%
of
the
distance.

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 LENGTH ROAD TYPE DISTANCE Tacna
–
Estique
Pampa
 Wide
Asphalted
road
 72
km
 Estique
Pampa
–
Talabaya
 Wide
Unpaved
road
 15
km
(aprox.)
 Talabaya
‐
Concession
 Gravel
road
 15
km
(aprox.)

5. 
 5
 From
Tacna,
Giacomo
Material
can
be
shipped
worldwide:
 
 • A
56
km
railhead
exists
between
Tacna
and
the
deepwater
Arica
Seaport
(Chile).
 • Peruvian
Pan‐American
Highway
runs
directly
from
Tacna
to
Ilo
and
Arica’s
Seaports.
 
 It
is
important
to
note
that
Peruvian
freight
originating
in
Tacna
is
not
required
to
pass

through
Chilean
Customs
to
access
the
Port
of
Arica
as
the
city
of
Tacna
resides
in
a
“free‐trade
zone”
with
Arica
set‐up
by
the
Peruvian
and
Chilean
governments
as
part
of
a
previous
border
dispute
 settlement.
 

 
 



 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 1.5 ZOFRATACNA 
 
 Law
27688
published
in
March
2002
created
ZOFRATACNA
(Tacna
Free
and
Commercial
Zone),
which
 supersede
the
CETICOS
regime,
granting
similar
benefits
as
the
latter.
 
 Exportation,
Transformation,
Industry,
Trade
and
Service
Centres
(CETICOS)
are
geographical
areas,
duly
delineated,
which
are
destined
to
generate
economic
development
poles
in
southern
and
 northern
Peru.
The
activities
that
may
be
performed
within
those
centres
include:
repair
services,
 merchandise
reconditioning,
modification,
mixing,
packing,
transformation,
distribution,
and
storage,
 among
others.
 
 Enterprises
established
within
the
ZOFRATACNA
and
exporting
at
least
92%
of
their
production
will
 be
exempt
until
December
31,
2012
from
income
tax,
VAT,
excise
tax,
Municipal
Promotion
Tax,
 Extraordinary
Solidarity
Tax,
custom
duties,
and
any
other
tax
requiring
an
express
exemption.
 Arica
Seaport
 
 
 Ilo
Seaport
 
 
 Giacomo
 deposit
 
 
Lado - campamento

6. 
 6
 2. Minerals 
 The
minerals
found
are
Silicon
Dioxide
and
Titanium
Dioxide
which
are
in
unusual
concentrations
that
vary
in
content
and
are
approximately
up
to
93%
SiO2
and
up
to
6%
TiO2
in
small
and
uniform
natural
particle
sizes
that
range
between
1
to
3
microns.
These
materials
are
perfect
for
High
Tech
applications
like
semiconductors
chips,
solar
panels
and
medical
applications
and
further
that;
both
are
essential
products
used
worldwide
in
paint,
plastic
as
well
as
several
other
products.
 
 
 2.1 Giacomo’s exceptional characteristics 
 Giacomo
is
a
virgin
site,
sui
generis
in
the
mining
world
due
to
4
unusual
features
that
help
reduce
the
costs
of
extraction
and
consequently
the
amount
of
investment
to
start
up
in
a
significant
way:
 
 1.The
minerals,
in
their
natural
state,
are
found
on
the
surface;
thus
reducing
extraction
cost
as
the
 collection
from
the
soil
does
not
require
excavations
or
complex
tunnels.
 2.The
concentration
of
useful
mineral
is
on
average
of
95%,
which
translates
into
lower
costs
for
 primary
purification.
 3.The
SiO2
and
TiO2
are
found
as
fine
particles
(powder
instead
of
quartz),
making
micronization
 and
milling
processes,
which
are
particularly
costly,
unnecessary.
 4.The
SiO2
and
TiO2
are
held
together
only
by
cohesion
(mixed
but
not
fused,
each
particle
is
 independent),
allowing
to
avoid
refining
costs.
 

 These
features
reduce
operating
costs
and
therefore
increasing
profits.

2.2 Mineral samples 
 An
independent
preliminary
geologist
survey
was
conducted
of
the
Giacomo
Concession
in
2001.
 Random
mineral
samples
were
taken
at
29
points
over
the
Giacomo
Concession.

 
 
 
 
 Deposit
 Northeast
Face
 
 M‐3
 M‐5
 M‐2
M‐1
Tunnel
изтеглен файл (7) Foto 30000

7. 
 7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 The
preliminary
Geologist
report
indicated
that
Giacomo
contains
two
principal
minerals
of
significant
 commercial
value.
The
results
were
the
following:
 
 
 SAMPLING AND CHEMICAL ANALYSIS Laboratory AnalysisSample Number Sample Location SiO2%
 TiO2%
 FEO3%
 M‐1A
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 84.28
 10.88
 0.22
 M‐1B
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 53.91
 35.81
 0.13
 M‐1C
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 82.62
 13.10
 0.14
 M‐1D
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 86.07
 9.67
 0.20
 M‐1E
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 87.67
 7.47
 0.22
 M‐1F
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 83.57
 11.61
 0.09
 M‐1G
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 66.05
 25.46
 0.13
 M‐1H
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 88.06
 7.90
 0.19
 M‐1I
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 85.54
 10.29
 0.12
 Deposit
 Southwest
Face
 
 M‐7
 M‐9
 M‐10
 M‐11
 M‐12
 M‐8
 M‐17
 M‐16
 M‐15
 M‐13
 M‐17

8. 
 8
 M‐1J
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 89.58
 3.14
 0.20
 M‐1K
 CZ
Zone
‐
Tunnel
 90.11
 5.71
 0.20
 M‐2
 CZ
Zone
 94.83
 3.40
 1.18
 M‐3
 CZ
Zone
 85.11
 2.81
 2.25
 M‐4
 CZ
Zone
 97.82
 1.18
 2.93
 M‐5
 CZ
Zone
 93.98
 5.60
 2.20
 M‐6
 CZ
Zone
 91.78
 1.51
 6.05
 M‐7
 CAMP
Zone
 62.11
 1.12
 6.69
 M‐8
 CAMP
Zone
 77.66
 2.08
 4.38
 M‐9
 CAMP
Zone
 79.53
 2.67
 3.08
 M‐10
 CAMP
Zone
 99.49
 0.70
 2.16
 M‐11
 CAMP
Zone
 98.70
 2.39
 0.33
 M‐12
 CAMP
Zone
 93.46
 3.18
 4.40
 M‐13
 CAMP
Zone
 95.03
 3.58
 1.81
 M‐14
 CAMP
Zone
 91.28
 4.28
 1.70
 M‐15
 CAMP
Zone
 89.02
 3.85
 1.98
 M‐16
 CAMP
Zone
 96.76
 4.07
 0.84
 M‐17
 CAMP
Zone
 90.40
 3.28
 0.95
 M‐18
 CAMP
Zone
 87.20
 2.73
 0.88
 M‐19
 CAMP
Zone
 80.64
 2.59
 0.82
 



Mean
(Avg.)
 86.63
 6.63
 1.60
 SOURCE:
Preliminary
Geologic
Study
and
Reserve
Computation
for
Resources
 and
Potentials
in
the
Mining
Leases
Giacomo
and
Giacomo
Abuelo,
January
2001
 
 
 2.3 Certificate of Analysis

9. 
 9
 2.4 Electron Micrographs Scanning 
 The
larger
crystals
are
all
TiO2,
and
the
fine
material
around
the
crystal
is
mostly
SiO2.
The
TiO2
 crystals
are
up
to
10
micrometres
in
size,
but
the
SiO2
is
a
very
fine
powder.

10. 
 10
 3. Giacomo Products 
 TiO2
and
SiO2
are
both
very
valuable
minerals
and
both
used
extensively
world
wide
in
a
broad
variety
of
consumer
products.
While
most
people
think
of
Titanium
as
a
strong,
lightweight
metal,
close
to
97%
 of
TiO2
is
actually
used
as
pigment
in
paints,
plastics
and
paper.

 
 Titanium
metal
has
a
number
of
useful
physical
properties
and
very
resistant
to
corrosion.
It
is
firm,
has
a
high
melting
temperature
and
is
lightweight.
Its
strength
is
similar
to
steel,
but
it
is
45%
lighter.
 Titanium
alloys
can
be
twice
as
strong
as
aluminium
alloys.
It
is
compatible
with
the
human
body
and
is
often
used
in
surgical
instruments
and
medical
implants.
Titanium
is
the
only
element
that
will
burn
in
a
 pure
nitrogen
atmosphere.

 
 SiO2
is
used
in
the
manufacture
of
special
steels
as
well
as
cast
iron,
aluminium
alloys,
glass
and
refractory
materials,
ceramics,
abrasives,
water
filtration,
hydraulic
cement
component,
filler
in
cosmetics,
pharmaceuticals,
paper,
insecticides,
rubber
reinforcing
agent
‐
especially
for
high
adhesion
to
textiles,
anti‐caking
agent
in
foods,
flatting
agent
in
paints
and
as
a
thermal
insulator.
Fused
silica
is
used
as
an
ablative
material
in
rocket
engines,
spacecraft;
finally,
silica
fibres
are
often
used
in
 reinforced
plastics.
 
 Prices
of
both
TiO2
and
SiO2
historically
average
around
$1
per
pound,
with
more
variation
being
experienced
with
SiO2,
due
to
its
many
forms
and
greater
number
of
applications
in
end
products.

 
 • Microcrystalline
Silica
for
Paints
 With
only
a
minimal
amount
of
Wet
Separation
Processing,
Giacomo
SiO2
can
be
marketed
as
a
Pigment
Extender
for
Exterior
Grade
Paints
for
around
$500
per
tonne.
Paint
makers
typically
use
about
1
pound
 (0.45
kg)
of
Microcrystalline
Silica
in
each
can
of
exterior
paint.

 
 Further
more,
companies
who
sell
Microcrystalline
Silica
must
engage
in
a
costly
and
low
yield
milling
and
grinding
phase
to
obtain
particle
sizes
of
around
5
microns
(e.g.
5
millionths
of
a
meter)
whereas,
Giacomo
material
exhibits
this
small
particle
size
in
its
natural
state.
This
leads
us
to
believe
that
a
position
of
Cost
Leader
for
this
market
is
completely
attainable.

 
 • High
Purity
Silica

Due
to
its
inherent
small
particle
size
and
purity,
Giacomo
SiO2
may
be
suitable
as
a
Feedstock
for
High
Tech
Optics
that
can
sell
for
as
high
as
$5,000
per
tonne.

While
this
is
a
smaller
market
from
a
usage
perspective,
it
is
very
attractive
since
Giacomo
SiO2
can
be
made
suitable
for
this
through
the
use
of
 high
purity
rinsing.

 
 • Specialty
Silica
Chemicals
 A
great
deal
of
SiO2
is
used
to
make
“Amorphous
Silica”
but
this
SiO2
must
first
undergo
some
chemical
processing
to
create
compounds
called
“precursors”.

These
precursor
compounds
can
be
made
from
Giacomo’s
SiO2
with
an
increased
level
of
processing,
and
may
allow
entering
into
the
Amorphous
Silica
 market
in
a
short
term,
intermediate
fashion.
These
materials
command
prices
from
$2,000
to
$5,000
 per
tonne.

 
 • Titanium
Dioxide
Pigments
 More
research
needs
to
be
made
on
this
topic
to
confirm
that
a
low‐cost,
efficient
Advanced
Separation
technique
can
be
perfected
to
remove
the
TiO2
from
the
SiO2,
and
then
the
Titanium
Dioxide
may
be
salable
as
a
pigment
and/or
opacifier.

Titanium
Dioxide
pigment
is
worth
around
$2,000
per
tonne.

11. 
 11
 
 3.1. Prospective Giacomo Mineral Streams and Respective Market Categories

12. 
 12
 4.Giacomo in Figures 
 The
commercial
value
of
the
SiO2
and
TiO2
is
around
$300
to
$500
per
metric
tons
as
raw
material;
the
refined
product
can
be
worth
4
to
5
times
that
amount.
Assuming
a
conservative
volume
of
20
million
metric
tons,
Giacomo
could
show
a
potential
value
of
about
10
BB.
While
reserves
are
still
being
established,
there
is
evidence
to
say
that
the
reservoir
contains
at
least
100
million
metric
tons.
The
ample
deposit
reserves
can
be
used
for
different
purposes
either
by
selling
crude,
refined
or
processed
in
many
ways
since
the
Silicon
and
Titanium
are
used
as
feedstock
for
a
vast
variety
of
 industries.
 
 As
for
pre‐operative
investment,
the
initial
figure
advised
is
of
$
5,000,000
to
begin
a
daily
extraction
between
100
and
300
tons
ore.
These
would
be
invested
mainly
to
improve
the
15
km
of
gravel
road
from
Talabaya
to
the
Concession,
since
it
is
an
emergency
road.
Additional
investment
of
$
15,000,000
would
be
needed
to
build
a
complementary
road
in
order
to
increase
the
capacity
of
extraction
 numerous
times.


 
 Currently,
Giacomo
has
license
to
extract
365.000
tons
per
year
within
a
legal
framework
as
it
is
defined
as
a
Small
Producer
Miner.
If
necessary,
a
request
for
the
increase
of
this
amount
can
be
made,
even
for
 an
indefinite
quantity.

 
 Studies
of
processing
and
refining
for
minerals
are
at
this
moment
pending.
Nevertheless,
the
first
steps
have
already
been
made
and
these
indicate
that
SiO2
and
TiO2
are
not
bonded
together
and
that
it
is
possible
to
use
a
simple
cyclonic
technique
to
extract
significant
quantities
of
very
pure
SiO2.

 
 
 5. Investments and field advancements 
 The
owner
and
his
family
have
funded
the
project;
so
far
the
total
investment
amount
is
nearly

 $
10,000,000.
The
main
advancements
is
the
project
are
the
following:
 
 a.A
specific
Customs
Clearance
Number
2508.40.00.00
for
the
Minerals
was
created
in
1998.
It
is
important
to
highlight
that
the
material
is
registered
as
a
unique
product,
which
does
not
have
a
 specific
name
in
Peru
as
it
has
no
precedents
in
the
country.
 b. Resources
were
invested
and
boosted
at
Central
as
well
as
Regional
governments
to
build
the
National
Highway
Tacna‐Tarata,
partly
used
at
this
moment,
to
access
the
site.
In
the
same
way,
the
culmination
of
negotiations
was
boosted
so
that
the
free
Peruvian
Port
operations
in
Arica
(Chile)
 and
the
railway
linking
the
cities
of
Arica
and
Tacna
came
into
force.
 c. An
emergency
road
of
15
km
(approx)
of
length
has
been
built
to
reach
the
deposit
in
off‐road
 vehicles.

 d.In
2003,
the
Peruvian
Department
of
Transport
and
Communications
approved
a
project
in
order
to
 develop
an
exclusive
road
for
de
Deposit.
 e.An
application
for
electricity
supply
has
been
approved;
this
will
support
initial
operations
of
the
 reservoir.
 f.An
initial
environmental
impact
study
was
presented
to
the
Department
of
Energy
and
Mining;
 nevertheless
it
was
decided
to
end
this
process
in
order
to
apply
at
DIA
(Environmental
Impact
 Declaration)
to
recourse
more
benefits.
 g.The
owner
possess
land,
with
more
than
three
(3)
hectares
located
on
the
southern
side
of
the
city
of
Tacna
near
the
rail
line
Tacna‐Arica,
that
comes
directly
to
the
Peruvian
port
in
the
Chilean
 territory.
This
land
can
serve
as
a
future
deposit.

 h.The
deposit
has
undergone
excavation,
the
same
as
geological
and
laboratory
tests
that
prove
the
 claim
described
in
the
initial
PDF
document
and
this
presentation.

13. 
 13
 6. Peru: General Information1 6.1 Surface area With
an
area
of
1,285,215
square
km
(496,222
sq
mi),
Peru
is
the
third‐largest
country
in
South
America
after
Brazil
and
Argentina,
ranking
amongst
the
world’s
20
largest
nations.
It
holds
sway
over
the
sea
up
to
200
miles
from
the
Peruvian
coast
and
has
territorial
rights
to
an
area
of
60
million
hectares
in
the
 Antarctic.
Lima
is
the
capital
of
Peru.
 
 Peru
is
divided
into
three
major
regions;
its
geography
varies
from
the
arid
plains
of
the
Pacific
coast
to
the
peaks
of
the
Andes
Mountains
and
the
tropical
forests
of
the
Amazon
Basin.

 
 
 6.2 Mineral and energy resources Peru
is
the
1st
producer
of
gold,
silver,
zinc,
tin,
and
lead
in
Latin
America
and
2 nd 
producer
of
copper
and
molybdenum.
Almost
all
the
large
transnational
mining
companies
operate
in
the
country.
Several
companies,
belonging
to
different
economical
groups,
provide
electrical
supply.
The
largest
is
Edegel
(Endesa),
followed
by
Electroperú
(state‐owned
company).
The
main
variety
of
electrical
generation
in
Peru
is
hydroelectric,
although
natural
gas
is
being
used
in
an
increasing
manner
in
recent
years.
This
is
because
since
2004,
natural
gas
from
Camisea
is
available
in
Lima.
 
 
 6.3 Political and legal system 
 Peru
is
a
democratic
republic
divided
into
Legislative,
Executive
and
Judicial
powers.
The
president
and
members
of
Congress
are
elected
every
five
years
by
universal
suffrage.
The
current
constitutional
 president
of
Peru
is
Alan
Garcia
Perez
(2006‐2011).
 
 Peru
offers
a
favourable
legal
framework
for
foreign
investment
 
 • Non‐discriminatory
treatment.
 • Unrestrictive
access
to
most
economic
sectors.
 • No
performance
requirements.
 • Free
transfer
of
capital.
 • Free
competition.
 • Guarantee
for
private
property.
 • Freedom
to
purchase
stocks
from
locals.
 • Freedom
to
access
internal
and
external
credit.
 • Freedom
to
pay
royalties.
 • Network
of
investment
agreements
and
member
of
ICSID
and
MIGA.
 
 
 























































 1 

Source:
Price
Waterhouse
Cooper

14. 
 14
 7. Conclusion 
 The
Giacomo
Project
represents
an
excellent
“ground‐floor”
investment
opportunity
that
is
unique
in
the
world
of
Industrial
Minerals
as
it
entails
two
minerals
of
significant
value.
At
Giacomo,
TiO2
and
SiO2
exist
together
in
a
natural
state,
one
that
is
very
desirable
for
inclusion
into
consumer
products.
In
some
instances,
these
minerals
are
appropriate
for
inclusion
into
intermediate
chemicals
that
are
used
to
make
consumer
products.
In
other
instances,
these
minerals
are
suitable
for
direct
inclusion
into
consumer
end
products
with
a
minimal
amount
of
processing
relative
to
that
required
by
competitors
to
achieve
a
level
of
purity
and
particle
size
on
par
with
that
found
naturally
at
Giacomo.
In
these
cases,
 Giacomo
material
may
be
able
to
enter
the
market
as
a
Price
Leader,
which
should
enhance
early
Cash
 Flow
as
the
company
goes
forth.

  FOR SALE:

  GIACOMO DEPOSIT (Silica-Titanium)

Contact the owner:

Carlos Casaretto Forni

Email: cjcasaretto@yahoo.com

 Tel: 54 – 261 – 425 2699

 

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